Effect of Recruitment and Selection Methods on Employee Performance in the Public Service of the Gambia

Yankuba E. Manneh, Ayo Adesopo


This study assessed the effect of the recruitment and selection methods on employee performance in The Gambia public service institutions. The public service institutions selected for the study were in two categories: core civil service and non-core civil service. The study covered staff members on Officers Cadre and above in these institutions which have a total population of 272. The entire population was covered by this study as the sample. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. The primary data were collected by using a combination of both questionnaire and in-depth- interviews. Besides, secondary data sources such as textbooks, journal articles and government publications were also consulted. The data analysis was done with the assistance of the version 14 of the STATA Statistical Package. In overall, the study showed the relationship between performance and recruitment methods is inverse and not statistically significant (correlation coefficient (r) = -0.002, p-value = 0.98) and the relationship between selection methods and employee performance was found to be positively related (r = 0.07, p = 0.28). The study concluded that if a proper assessment of the recruitment methods is considered by the public institutions, employee performance would improve by more than 50 percent.


Recruitment; Selection; Public Service; Employee Performance

Full Text:



Abbasi, S. G., Tahir, M. S., Abbas, M., & Shabbir, M. S. (2020). Examining the relationship between recruitment & selection practices and business growth: An exploratory study. Journal of Public Affairs, e2438.

Abu-Suleiman, A. (2006). An analytical performance management framework enabling. Enterprise Strategy Management.

Adler, E., & Pouliot, V. (2011). International practices. International Theory, 3(1), 1-36.

Adu-darkoh, M. (2014). Employee Recruitment and Selection Practices in the Construction Industry in Ashanti Region (pp.1-63). Thesis submitted to Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

Aguinis, H. (2019). Performance management (3rd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.

Aguinis, H., & Burgi-Tian, J. (2021). Talent management challenges during COVID-19 and beyond: Performance management to the rescue. BRQ Business Research Quarterly, 23409444211009528.

Aguinis, H., Gottfredson, R. K., & Joo, H. (2012). Using performance management to win the talent war. Business Horizons, 55(6), 609-616.

Anderson, B. E. (1996). The ebb and flow of enforcing executive order. American Economic Review, 86, 298-301.

Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of human resource management practice (10th ed.). Kogan Page Publishers.

Armstrong, M. (2009). A handbook of human resource management practice (11th ed.). Kogan Page Publishers.

Armstrong, M. (2010). Armstrong’s handbook of human resources management practice. (11th ed., p.444) London: Kogan.

Armstrong, M., & Baron, A. (2000). Performance management. Human Resource Management, chpt: 69.

Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained Competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 20(17), 99-120.

Barney, J. B. (2001). Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten-year retrospective on the resource-based view. Journal of Management, 27(6), 643-650.

Barney, J.; Wright, M.; & Ketchen Jr, D. J. (2001). The resource-based view of the firm: Ten years after 1991. Journal of Management, 27(6), 625-641.

Beer, M. B., Spector, P. R., Lawrence, D. Quinn Mills, & Walton, R. E. (1984.) Managing human assets. New York: Free Press.

Boudreau, J. W. (1983). Economic considerations in estimating the utility of human resource productivity improvement programs. Personnel Psychology, 36(3), 551-576.

Boudreau, J. W., & Berger, C. J. (1985). Decision-theoretic utility analysis applied to employee separations and acquisitions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70(3), 581.

Boxall, P. (1998). Achieving competitive advantage through human resource strategy: Towards a theory of industry dynamics. Human Resource Management Review, 8(3), 265-288.

Boxall, P. (2003). HR strategy and competitive advantage in the service sector. Human Resource Management Journal, 13(3), 5-20.

Boxall, P. F., Purcell, J., & Wright, P. M. (Eds.) (2007). The Oxford Handbook of Human Resource Management. London: Oxford Handbooks.

Boxall, P., & Purcell, J. (2008). Strategy and Human Resource Management. Bristol: Palgrave.

Brown, A. (2005). Implementing performance management in England’s primary schools. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.

Brown, T. C., O’Kane, P., Mazumdar, B., & McCracken, M. (2019). Performance management: A scoping review of the literature and an agenda for future research. Human Resource Development Review, 18(1), 47-82.

Brown, T. C., O’Kane, P., Mazumdar, B., & McCracken, M. (2019). Performance management: A scoping review of the literature and an agenda for future research. Human Resource Development Review, 18(1), 47-82.

Campion, M. C., Schepker, D. J., Campion, M. A., & Sanchez, J. I. (2020). Competency modeling: a theoretical and empirical examination of the strategy dissemination process. Human Resource Management, 59(3), 291-306.

Catano, V., Francis, L., Haines, T., Kirpalani, H., Shannon, H., Stringer, B., & Lozanzki, L. (2010). Occupational stress in Canadian universities: A national survey. International Journal of Stress Management, 17(3), 232.

Cherrington, D. J. (1995). Job analysis and strategic recruitment. In D. J. Cherrington (Ed.), The management and human resources. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Chew, I. K., & Horwitz, F. M. (2004). Human resource management strategies in practice: Case-study findings in multinational firms. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 42(1), 32-56.

Chow, M. C., & Kleiner, B. H. (2002). How to differentiate essential job duties from marginal job duties. Managerial Law, 44(1/2), 121-127.

Cooper, D.; Robertson, I. T.; & Tinline, G. (2003). Recruitment and selection: A framework for success. Cengage Learning EMEA.

Costello, D. (2006), Leveraging the employee life cycle. CRM Magazine, 10 (12), 48-55.

DeCenzo, D. A., & Robbins, S. P. (1996) Human resource management. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Djabatey E. N. (2012). Recruitment and selection practices of organizations: A case study of HFC Bank (GH) Ltd. Unpublished thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Ghana: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

Dobbin, Frank; John R. Sutton; John W. Meyer, & Richard, W. S. (1993). Equal opportunity law and the construction of internal labor markets. American Journal of Sociology, 99, 396-427.

El-Kot, G., & Leat, M. (2008). A survey of recruitment and selection practices in Egypt. Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues enterprise strategy management (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Texas at Arlington. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/304903165?accountid=14228. (304903165).

Froehlich, H., & Hawver, D (1974). Compliance spinoff: Better personnel systems. Personnel, 51, 62-69.

Gibbons, J. (2006), Employee engagement: A review of current research and its implications (pp.1-21). The Conference Board, New York, NY.

Hamel, G., & Prahalad, C. K. (1994). Competing for the future: Breakthrough strategies for seizing control of your industry and creating the markets of tomorrow. Boston, MA: The Harvard Business School Press.

Hashimoto, M. (1981). Firm-specific human capital as a shared investment. The American Economic Review, 71(3), 475-482.

Herbert, G. H., III, Tim J., & Kammeyer-Mueller, J. D. (2019).Staffing organizations (7t edh). Middleton, WI: Mendota House; Burr Ridge, IL: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Hsu, Y. R. (1993), Human resource management: Employee training and development in the Taiwan manufacturing industry, MBA Thesis, University of Wales, College of Cardiff.

IRS. (2003). Setting the tone: Job description and person specifications. John Wiley: Employment Review, 776(601), 42-48.

Kagioglou, M., Cooper, R., & Aouad, G. (2001). Performance management in construction: a conceptual framework. Construction Management and Economics, 19(1), 85-95.

Kalev, A., & Dobbin, F. (2006). Enforcement of civil rights law in private workplaces: Compliance reviews and lawsuits before and after reagan. Law and Social Inquiry, 31.

Kotey, B., & Sheridan, A. (2004). Changing HRM practices with firm growth. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, (December), 11(4), 474. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000410567125.

Kumari, N. & Malhotra, R. (2013). A study of the recruitment and selection process: SMC Global. ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 3(2), 244-254.

Lebas, J. (1995). Performance measurement and performance management. International Journal of Production Economics, 41(1), 23-35.

Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. H. (2011). Human resource management: Essential perspectives. Cengage Learning.

Mondy, R. W., Noe, R. M., & Premeaux, S. R. (1996). Selection. In R. W. Mondy, R. M. Noe, & S. R. Premeaux (Eds.), Human resource management. New York: Allyn and Bacon. Business, London: Routledge.

Oliveira, M., Sousa, M., Silva, R., & Santos, T. (2021). Strategy and human resources management in non-profit organizations: Its interaction with open innovation. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 7(1), 75.

Omale, (1992). practices in personnel Management in the Nigeria Civil Service: Issues and procedures. In A. D. Yahaya & C. I. Akinyele (Eds.), New trends in personnel management. Bauchi State.

Porter, M. (1985). Competitive advantage. New York: Free Press.

Potočnik, K., Anderson, N. R., Born, M., Kleinmann, M., & Nikolaou, I. (2021). Paving the way for research in recruitment and selection: recent developments, challenges and future opportunities. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 30(2), 159-174.

Rahman, M. N., & Nower, N. (2020). An evaluation of the job analysis process in the private commercial banks of Bangladesh. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 10(1), 332348-332348.

Steffy, B. D., & Maurer, S. D. (1988). Conceptualizing and measuring the economic effectiveness of human resource activities. Academy of Management Review, 13(2), 271-286.

Taylor, S. (2010). People resourcing (4th ed.). London: CIPD.

Watson, T. J. (2010). Critical social science, pragmatism and the realities of HRM. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(6), 915-931.

Wilson, J. M., Dalton, E., Scheer, C., & Grammich, C. A. (2010). Recruitment: Filling the bucet. In Police recruitment and retention for the new millennium. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.7249/mg959doj.12.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/12431


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Social Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Submit an Articlehttp://cscanada.org/index.php/css/submission/wizard

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture