A Spiritual Ecological Study of Toni Morrison’s Paradise

Xiaoshu ZHU

Abstract


As one of the first African American women that won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993, Toni Morrison(1931-2019) is one of the most influential writers in the contemporary American literary world. Through a comparative analysis of Ruby residents and Covent women, this thesis explores how the Covent women overcome the spiritual crisis as well as the root cause for the decline in Ruby, and excavates Morrison’s ecological ideas embodied in Paradise. It also reflects Morrison’s initial exploration of the establishment of a harmonious society for black people and her expectations that the black community can achieve self-identification and finally get rid of the trauma.


Keywords


Toni Morrison; Paradise; Spiritual Ecological Criticism

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References


Du, M. C. (2014). From Isolation to Integration: the Revelation of Paradise. Capital Normal University. (in Chinese)

Fuqua, A. (2012). The Furrow of His Brow: Providence and Pragmatism in Toni Morrison’s Paradise. The Midwest Quarterly.

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Krumholz, L. (2002). Reading and insight in Toni Morrison’s Paradise. African American Review.

Morrison, T. (1997). Paradise. New York: Penguin Random House.

Rob, D. (2002). Community and Nature: The Novels of Toni Morrison. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishes.

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Widdowson, P. (2001). The American Dream Refashioned: History, Politics and Gender in Toni Morrison’s Paradise. Journal of American Studies.

Xie, X. Y. (2018). A Comparative Study of Two Communities in Paradise From Ecological Perspective. Hunan University. (in Chinese)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11543

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