A Legal Framework for Sustainable Agricultural Practice in Nigeria

Mercy O. Erhun


Almost 1 out of every 9 people on the planet Earth go to bed without food almost on a daily basis. Nigeria ranks 20th on the Global Hunger Index, with about 65% of her population confronted with food insecurity. The country has an estimated 84 million hectares of arable land of which only 40% is cultivated. There is huge potential in forestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, food and cash crops. How to harness these potentials into prosperity and food security still remains a challenge. The paper is set out to investigate the challenges militating against sustainable agricultural practices in Nigeria and suggest ways as to how these challenges can be surmounted. The goal of this paper is how to meet the food needs of this nation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
The study found that despite various attempts at addressing food shortage in Nigeria, the nation still remains insecure as far as food is concerned and that Nigeria is yet to attain sustainable agricultural development despite her robust agricultural laws. The paper identified agriculture as an indispensable requirement for life sustenance and the best way to end poverty. The paper concluded that agriculture, which is a major platform for national development as well as one of the major drivers of the economy of any nation, remains a very important engine of economic development. A legal framework for sustainable agricultural practice that is carefully designed and implemented with the necessary political will was postulated.



Nigeria; Sustainable agricultural practice; food security

Full Text:



Adetunji, M. O. (2008). Restoring the glory of agriculture in Nigeria – Olusegun obasanjo presidential years (1999-2007). Pesther Brands Ltd

Ajala, O. (2015). Evolution of agricultural policies and laws in Nigeria. In R. T. Ako & D. S. Olawuyi (Eds.), Food and agricultural law: Readings on sustainable agriculture and the law in Nigeria. Ado-Ekiti: Afe Babalola University Press.

Akinola, B. A. (2015). Sustainable food security and its rural developmental challenges in Nigeria. Bosem Publishers Nig. Ltd.

Akinpelu, A., & Davies, A. (2012). Achieving sustainable agriculture for national development. A Paper Presented at the Yaba College of Technology Conference and Research Fair Organised by Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, on Fast-Tracking the Attainment of Vision 20:2020 Through Techno-Entrepreneurship held Between July 23-25, 2013

Akinyele, I. O. (2009). Ensuring food and nutrition security in rural Nigeria: An assessment of the challenges, information needs and analytical capacity. Nigeria Strategy Support Programme (NSSP), International Food Policy Research Institute Background Paper No. NSSP 007N SSP Background paper 7

Ako, R. (2009). Nigeria’s land use act: An anti-thesis to environmental justice. Journal of African Law, 53(2), 289-304.

Amokaye, G. O. (2004). Environmental law and practice in Nigeria. Lagos, Nigeria: University of Lagos Press.

Attah, A. W. (2012). Food security in Nigeria: The role of peasant farmers in Nigeria. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(4), 173-190. Ethiopia

Babugura, A. A. (2011). Promoting gender equity through sustainable agricultural production and food security. Powerful Synergies, Gender Equality, Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability (pp. 180-181). United Nations Development Programme. See also “The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-2011 – Women in Agriculture: Closing the Gender Gap for Development. Rome Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/12050e/12050e00.htm

Balogun, O. O. (2009). Global food crisis and the Nigeria agriculture. A Keynote Address Presented at the Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) Held at National University Commission, Abuja.

Bamire, S, A, (2018). Agricultural technology adoption: panacea for sustainable farming systems. Inaugural Lecture Series 315, Obafemi Awolowo University Printing Press

Bhardwal, G. (2011). Women rising from plowing the land to working the law. One World South Asia Available at http://southasia.oneworld.net/fromthegrassroots/women-rising-from-ploughing-the-land-woring-the-law.

Dada, B. (2006). Nigeria: Why operation feed the nation failed. All African “Thig Dom” 12/4/2006.

Damilola S. Olawuyi (2015). Meaning, nature and scope of agricultural law. In T. A. Rhuks & S. O. Damilola, Food and agricultural law: Readings on sustainable agriculture and the law in Nigeria. Ado-Ekiti: Afe Babalola University Press.

Donahue, R. L., & Troech, F. R. (2003). Dictionary of agricultural and environmental sciences. Iowa: Iowa State Press

Duesterhaus, R. (1990). Sustainability promise. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 45(1), p.4.

Ecker and Breisinger (2012). Food security system. Washington, D.C.

Eneh, O. C. (2011). Managing Nigeria’s environment: The unresolved issues. Journal of Environmental Science, Tchnol

Evans. P. (1996). Development strategies across the public-private divide. World Development, 24(6), 1033-1132.

Ezeabasili, N. (2009). Legal mechanism for achieving environmental sustainability in Nigeria. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, 3(2), Ethiopia.

Famoriyo, S. (1994). Reducing poverty through promoting rural development in Nigeria: A revisiting paper. Presented at the Tenth Annual Anniversary Ceremony

Feenstra, G. (2014). Sustainable agriculture research and education programme. University of California, Davis, CA 85616, (530)

Feenstra, R. C. (2017). Restoring the product variety and pro-competitive gains from trade with heterogeneous firms and bounded productivity. Journal of International Economics

Fox, G., Adamowicz, V. Debailleul, G., & Thomassin, P. (1990). Agriculture and the environment: economic dimensions of sustainable agriculture. Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Society Occasional Paper No. 1

Garett, J., & Ruel, M. (1999). Are determinants of rural and urban food security and nutritional status different? Some Insights from Mozambique in Hunger. An Online Publication

Goodie, A. (1993). The nature of the environment (3rd edn.)

Gross, R. H., Schoeneberger, H. Pfeufer, H., Joachim and Preuss (2000). The four Dimensions of Food and Nutrition Security: Definitions and concepts. In I. O. Akinyele (2009). Ensuring food and nutritional security in rural Nigeria: An assessment of the challenges, information needs and analytical capacity. Nigeria Strategy Support Programme (NSSP), International Food Policy Research Institute Background Paper No. NSSP 007N SSP Background paper 7

Gusau, I. (1981). Nigeria’s green revolution. African Report.

Hawke, N. (1993). Environmental law in Nigeria: theory and practice ( in Atsegbua, L, Akpotaire, V. and Dimowo, F. (2004)), Lagos: Ababa Press Ltd.

Idachaba, F. S. (2000). Desirable and workable agricultural policies for Nigeria in the first decade of the 21st century. Topical Issues in Nigerian Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.

Jimoh, H. I. (1997). Individual rainfall events and sediment generation on different surfaces in Ilorin, Nigeria. A Ph.D. Submitted to the Department of Geography, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Jomoh, H. I. (2002). Man environment interactions. In H. I. Jimoh & I. P. Ifabiyi (Eds), Contemporary issues in environmental studies. Ilorin: Haytee Press and Publishing Company.

Kaliman, M. (2008). Air pollution causes, consequences and solutions. World Resource Institute: Monthly Update available at http:??earthtrends.wri.org/updates/nodes/325

Ladan, M. T. (2013). Agricultural resources policy and law in Nigeria. Law and Policy Review Research Working Paper, Nov.-Dec., 2013. Available at http://mtladan.blogspot.com/

Lorenz, E. S. (2007). Potential health effects of pesticides. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University. Available at http://pubs.cas psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/uo193.pdf

Manyong, V. M., Ikpi, A., Olayemi, J. K., Yusuf, S. A., Omonoma, B. T., Okoruwa, V., & Idachaba, F. S. (2005). Agriculture in Nigeria: Identifying opportunities for increased commercialization and investment. IITA Publication

Nwafor, J. C. (2006). Environmental impact assessment for sustainable development: The Nigerian perspective. Enugu: Environment and Development Policy Centre for Africa.

Nwagbo, E. C. (2000). Agricultural policy in Nigeria: Challenges for the 21st century. Agro-Sciences.

Nwosu, A. (1991). The impact of large scale acquisition of land on smallholder farmers in Nigeria. In C. Doss & C. Olson (Eds.), Issues in African rural development: African rural social sciences research networks.Winrock Rubns Sales, Morrilton AR

Ogunbiyi, A. (2016). Remodelling “Peasant” farming for agricultural development in Nigeria. A presentation made at the 9th faculty lecture of the faculty of agriculture. Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife on 3rd Nov. 2016 at the Oduduwa Hall of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.

Ogunyemi, I. O., & Adedokun, A. S. (2009). Annual budgetary allocation to agriculture and rural income distribution as veritable inputs for agricultural growth and development.

Ojo, M. O. (1986). Some implications of government economic policies for financing and development f agriculture in Nigeria: in Nigerian agricultural outlook

Okorodudu-Fubara (1998). Law on environmental protection materials and text. Calpot Publications (Nig.) Ltd.

Okunade, S. O., & Okunade, R. F. (2013). Principles and practices of grains storage (With agronomic implications) Ilorin: Adewumi Press.

Okunade, S. O., & Williams, J. O. (2014). Agriculture in Nigeria: Problems, consequences and the way forward. Ilorin: Adewumi Press.

Olatunbosum, D. (1976). Rural development in Africa. An integrated approach paper presented at the international workshop on rural development in Africa at the University of Ibadan on April 12-17

Olawepo, R. A. (2000). Environmental pollution and management techniques. In H. I. Jimoh & I. P. Ifabiyi (Eds), Contemporary Issues in Environmental Studies. Ilorin: Haytee Press and Publishing Company.

Olowa, O. W., & Olowa, O. A. (2014). Policy interventions and public expenditure reform for pro-poor agricultural development in Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(4).

Olowa, W. O., & Olowa, A. O. (2014). Policy interventions and public expenditure reform for pro-poor agricultural development in Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(4), 487-500.

Omitogun, O. G. (2010). Biotechnology: The Silver Bullet for Agricultural Productivity. 228 Inaugural Lecture Series of the Obafemi Awolowo University. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University Press,

Onyenekenwa, C. E., & Agbazue, V. C. (2011). Protection of Nigerian environment: A critical policy review. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4, 490-497.

Osuntogun, A., & Olufokunbi, O. (1986). History and assessment of agricultural policies in Nigeria. In Osuntogun & Ugorji (Eds.), Financing agricultural development in Nigeria. ARMTI Seminar Seires, No. Ilorin.

Riely, F. N, Mock, B., Cogill, L. B., & Kenefick, E. (1999). Food security indicators and framework for use in the monitoring and evaluation of food aid programmes. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance project (FANTA), Washington D. C.: Academy for Educational Development. In. Akinyele, I. O. (2009). Ensuring Food and Nutritional Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs and Analytical Capacity, Nigeria Strategy Support Programme (NSSP), International Food Policy Research Institute Background Paper No. NSSP 007N SSP Background paper 7

Sands, P. (2003). Principles of international environmental law. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Sands, P. (2004). Principles of international environmental law. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Saunders, M. (2017). What is sustainable agriculture anyway?. Available at Https:/ecologyisnotadirtyword.com/2017/11/19/what-is-sustainable-agricultire-anyway/

Sharma, B. K. (2002). Engineering chemistry. Meerut, India: Krishna Prakashan Media Pvt. Ltd.

Titilola, S. T. (2000). Environment and sustainable agricultural development in Nigeria. Available at www/jsdafrica.com/jsda/spring%20/200/articles/environment%and%sustainable.

Tweeten, L. (1999). The economics of global food security. Review of Agricultural Economics, 21(2). DOI: 10.2307/1349892.

Wagner, I. (2007). 2000 millennium development goals. Available at http://www.uiowa.edu/ifdebook/faq/MDG.shtml.

World Bank 2016. (1990). Towards the development of environmental action plan for Nigeria. Washington DC: World Bank.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11307


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Canadian Social Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture