Regional Peacekeeping and the Transformation of Nigerian Foreign Policy, 1990-2000: A Perspective

Abiodun Daniels Famoye

Abstract


In the 1990s, Nigeria mobilised West African states to international peacekeeping missions in Liberia and Sierra Leone under the auspices of the ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG). The initiative did not only become a model for other regional organisations across the globe, it also placed Nigeria in a more influential position in international conflict management, especially within Africa. But while the scheme helped Nigeria to score some marks in international conflict management, it, however, left significant impression on the nation’s foreign policy. It is on the above premise, therefore, that this article examines how and why Nigeria’s participation in conflict resolution within West Africa was influential to its foreign policy perception, goal and strategy between 1990 and 2000. The study is approached through the historical inquiry. While the impact of the regional peacekeeping programme on Nigeria’s foreign policy is acknowledged, the paper, however, concludes that the emerging post-Cold War international order and political leadership in Nigeria were the considerable factors, which presented the opportunities for such imprint to be registered.


Keywords


Regional peacekeeping; Foreign policy; ECOMOG; National Interest; Nigeria

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adebajo, A. (2000). Liberia’s Civil War: Nigeria, ECOMOG, and Regional Security in West Africa. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Adebajo, A. (2002). Building Peace in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea- Bissau. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Adeleke, A. (1995). The politics and diplomacy of peacekeeping in West Africa: The Ecowas operation in Liberia. Journal of Modern African Studies, 33(4), 569-593.

Adisa, J. (1979). Nigeria in ECOMOG: Political Undercurrents and the Burden of Community Spirit, In Owoeye, J. (Ed.). Nigeria in the International Institutions (Ibadan), p. 164.

Aluko, O. (1976), Oil at concessionary prices for Africa: a case study in Nigeria decision-making. African Affairs, 75(301), pp. 425-431.

Amao, O. B., & Okeke-Uzodike, U. (2015). Nigeria, Afrocentrism, and conflict resolution: After five decades—How far, how well? African Studies Quarterly, 15(4), 81.

Berman, E. G., & Sams, K. E. (2000). Peacekeeping in Africa: Capabilities and culpabilities. (pp.95-105) Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.

Browne, O. (1995). Nigeria and peace-keeping in the sub-region: Chad and Liberia re-considered. Nigerian Forum (May-June), pp. 100-101.

ECOWAS. (1990, July 5-20). ECOWAS Standing Mediation Committee Ministerial Meeting. Freetown.

ECOWAS. (1998, October 26-27). Meeting of ECOWAS Ministers of Foreign Affairs, ‘Memorandum on the Situation in Sierra Leone and Guinea Bissau’. Abuja, Nigeria.

ECOWAS. (1999, December 6-10). Meeting of ECOWAS Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Summit of Heads of State and Government, ‘Brief on ECOMOG Operations in Sierra Leone’. Lome, Togo.

Franke, B. (2001). Security cooperation in Africa: A reappraisal (pp. 102-105). Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Mortimer, R. A. (1996). Senegal’s Role in ECOMOG: The Francophone Dimension in the Liberian Crisis’, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 293-306

Moyosore, T. (1990), Nigeria’s historical mission in Afica: Is she still relevant in the African Affairs. Nigerian Forum (January-February), pp. 33-40

Ogbu, S. O. (1994). Nigeria and the Liberia imbroglio: An epitome of Nigerian-led crisis resolution in the sub-region. Nigeria Forum (September-October), 198.

Ogbu, S.O. (1994, September-October).Nigeria and the Liberia imbroglio: An epitome of Nigerian-led crisis resolution in the sub-region. Nigeria Forum, 195-200.

Osakwe, C. C. C., & Audu, B. N., (2017). The Nigeria led ECOMOG military intervention and interest in the Sierra Leone crisis: An overview. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(4), 107-116.

The West African Bulletin. (1995, June). Nigeria: A leader in peace-keeping. No.3.

Whiteman, K., & Yates, D. (2004). ‘France, Britain, and the United States’ in West Africa’s security challenge: Building peace (pp. 360- 361), In A. Adebajo & I. A. Rashid (Eds.), Troubled Region (London).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10574

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Canadian Social Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture