Analyzing the Oppressive Dynamics of Private Tutoring System in Bangladesh

Md. Bayezid Alam


This analytical study explores the oppressive dynamics of private tutoring system in Bangladesh based on the Freirean assumption of ‘‘oppressed/oppressor’’ relationship. The results indicate that private tutoring becomes a system of oppression where the ‘‘oppressed/ oppressor’’ relationship has been and is being occurred. Based on the results, the study characterizes the students as the ‘‘oppressed’’ and the private tutoring (itself)/tutors as the ‘‘oppressor’’. The study also find that the forces of globalization deeply impacts on the ‘‘oppressed/oppressor’’ relationship of private tutoring system. The study suggests that practicing Freirean literacy method (‘‘conscientization’’ and ‘‘dialogue’’) in the formal schooling is a perfect way to liberate the students from private tutoring oppression.


Private tutoring; Oppressed; Oppressor; Banking model; Neo-liberal globalization

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