Trauma and History in Ben Okri’s Fiction
In his Azaro Trilogy, Nigerian writer Ben Okri describes a fantastic but painful world in the style of magical realism. Through the miserable life of Azaro’s family against poverty and the political power struggle between the Party of the Rich and the Party of the Poor in pre-independence days, the trilogy traces the causes of Nigerian political chaos to the heritages of colonialism and regionalism, and foretells the impending nightmarish civil war. By exploring these historical issues, Okri reveals how Nigeria has been traumatized by British colonizers and how the dispossessed are oppressed by the rich, at the same time he attempts to search for some solutions to the present problems of Nigeria.
Key words: Okri; Colonialism; Regionalism; The civil war; Trauma
Achebe, Chinua (1998). The Trouble with Nigeria. Enugu, Nigeria: Fourth Dimension.
Brent, Liz (2005). In the Shadow of War. In I. M. Milne (Ed.), Short Stories for Students (Vol. 20). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from Gale Literature Resource Centre.
Brownstein, Gabriel (1999). Ben Okri. In George Stade & Sarah Hannah Goldstein (Eds.), British Wrtiers: Supplement V (pp. 347-362). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
Falola, Toyin (1999). The History of Nigeria. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Fraser, Robert (2002). Ben Okri: Towards the Invisible City. Plymouth: Northcote House Publishers.
Hodgkin, Thomas (1960). Nigerian Perspectives: An Historical Anthology. London: Oxford UP.
Neher, William (1999). Nigeria: Change and Tradition in an African State. Acton, MA: Copley Publishing Group.
Okri, Ben (1988). Stars of the New Curfew. New York: Viking Penguin.
Okri, Ben (1993a). The Famished Road. New York: Anchor Books.
Okri, Ben (1993b). Incidents at the Shrine. London: Vintage.
Okri, Ben (1993c). Songs of Enchantment. London: Jonathan Cape.
Okri, Ben (1998). Infinite Riches. London: Phoenix House.
Quayson, Ato (1997). Strategic Transformation in Nigerian Writing: Orality and History in the Work of Rev. Samuel Johnson, Amos Tutuola, Wole Soyinka, Ben Okri. Oxford: James Curry.
Said, Edward W. (1978). Orientalism. London and Henley: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Said, Edward W. (1994). Culture and Imperialism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture (CAOOC)
Address:758, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138