A Chronotopic Analysis of Cover Letters in Persian and English

Reza Pishghadam, Fahime Sabouri


Abstract The concept of chronotope was originally used by Bakhtin (1981) in literature and literary criticism. But this concept seems to have great potential to be employed in other contexts as well. In English for Specific Purposes (ESP), for example, it can function as a useful tool to better inform L2 writers of the spatial and temporal conventions expected by the L1 genre community. Taking advantage of this capability, the present study used the chronotope in a move-based genre analysis of cover letters in Persian and English. To this end, a corpus of English and Persian cover letters was examined. In this study, the chronotope of each move of a cover letter was determined in the letters of both languages, and then through a contrastive analysis their similarities and differences were discussed. Finally, the important implications of the findings in language instruction were presented.
Key words: Chronotope; Bakhtin; Letter writing; Cover letter; Persian; English

Le concept de chronotope a été initialement utilisé par Bakhtine (1981) dans la littérature et la critique littéraire. Mais ce concept semble avoir un grand potentiel d'être employé dans d'autres contextes. En anglais à des fins spécifiques (ESP), par exemple, il peut fonctionner comme un outil utile pour mieux informer les écrivains L2 des conventions spatiales et temporelles attendues par la communauté Genre L1. Profitant de cette capacité, la présente étude a utilisé le chronotope dans un mouvement basé sur l'analyse genre de lettres de motivation en persan et en anglais. À cette fin, un corpus de lettres de motivation en anglais et en persan a été examiné. Dans cette étude, le chronotope de chaque déménagement d'une lettre de motivation a été déterminée dans les lettres des deux langues, puis à travers une analyse contrastive de leurs similitudes et les différences ont été discutées. Enfin, l'importance des implications des résultats dans l'enseignement des langues ont été présentés.
Mots-clés: Chronotope; Bakhtine; Ecriture de lettre; Lettre de motivation; Persan; Anglais


Chronotope; Bakhtin;Letter writing;Cover letter;Persian;English;Chronotope; Bakhtine; Ecriture de lettre;Cross-cultural Communication;Lettre de motivation;Persan;Anglais

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020110703.270


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Copyright (c) 2011 Reza Pishghadam, Fahime Sabouri

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