An Analysis of Academic Credit System in German Higher Education and Its Enlightenment to Credit System Construction in China

Lu LIN

Abstract


Germany, signatory to the Bologna process, has been in pursuit of an efficient academic credit system in higher education institutions based on the “European Credit Transfer System” since the 1990s. This paper analyzes the achievements and problems in the implementation of the academic credit system in Germany and the insights if offers for China in the reform academic of credit system.


Keywords


Academic credit system; German higher education reform; The Bologna process

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cao, D. M. (2008). Bologna process: An important higher education reform framework in European countries. Deutschland Studien, (3), 66.

Gehring, W. (2002). Ein rahmenwerk zur einführung von leistungspunktesystemen. Universität Verlag Ulm.

Gehring, W. (2005). Leistungspunktesysteme—eine erste Bilanz (pp.11-12)]. Universität Verlag Ulm.

Gu, M. Y. (1991). Dictionary of education (3) (p.20). Shanghai: Shanghai Educational Publishing House.

Hartwig, B., & Gunzer, D. (2009). ECTS: Die workload-problematik. Zur Kritik europäischer Hochschulpolitik, Forschung und Lehre unter Kuratel betriebswirtschaftlicher Denkmuster. Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Wang, C. S. (1988). Dictionary of practical educational management (p.393). Beijing: Employee Education Publishing House.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/9669

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Lu LIN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; hess@cscanada.net; hess@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Higher Education of Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

HIGHER EDUCATION OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office

Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcaooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures