The Reason Why Bengali Peasants Participated the Khalifah Movement

Jiang LAN, Lin YAN


 For a long time, Chinese university history textbooks used by history-major were mostly likely to analysis the reason of the Khalifah movement from the perspective of politic and religion, which was just an explanation from the sponsors’ view and did not concerned with the participants in the movement. Although the World War I ended in 1918, Bengali peasants’ life get worse and worse instead. Together with the Indian nationalists’ agitation, peasants finally participate in the Khalifah movement. As well, the cruel rule of British India government over Bengali peasants was a necessary but not a sufficient condition to promote the exploited peasants involving in the Khalifah movement only but all conditions fully met. Also, these terms and conditions were sufficient ways to ease or prevent peasants involving in the Khalifah movement.


British-India; Bengali peasant; Reason

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