The Pre-reform Conundrum of the Gambia Public Higher Education System: A Quantitative Examination

Yusupha Touray, Ayo Adesopo


This study examined the Gambia public higher education system in the period before the 2018 higher education reform, as referenced in the National Development Plan 2018-2021. The study relied on a sample size of 239 staff members out of the target population of 391 staff members of the four subvented public tertiary and higher education institutions in The Gambia, the Ministry of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology and the National Accreditation and Quality Assurance Authority. Using both descriptive and inferential statistics in the analyses, findings revealed poor performance of all the sampled institutions in relation to governance, staffing, instructional quality and relevance, research and development and financing.


National development; Higher education reform; Human capital formation

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