Inconsistency Between Women and Masculine Approach: A Perspective of Gender Identity in Medieval Indian Society

Imon-ul Hossain


‘Women and gender studies’ has become a part of social science since 19th century, when the right of liberty and equality was strongly emphasised to subdue the long-term disparity on masculine and feminine identity. The notion of discrimination on the issue of gender is actually a psychological factor which human being learns from various socio-cultural forces. It has two reasons; one is to regard the males as physically and mentally strong rather than females, and another is to refute them to be a part of human resource through the traditional treatment of only with a capability of bearing child. Now such consideration simply inherited by each and every civilization of the world except few instances of tribal kingdoms where matriarchal culture prevailed. During our period of study, we have numerous cases to trace the contradiction between manliness and the enforcement over the feminine gender. Of course, we have genius lady figures of that age such as -Raziya Sultana, Nurjahan , Mumtaz Mahal, Jahanara and Zebunnisa. But on the basis of historical method of generalization we have an aspect where insufficient data provides incessant conclusion for a particular fact. That’s why, following few such examples we should not determine the overall status of women as quietly good. In this paper, therefore, I shall try to define the patriarchal dominance over the women and nature of gender dissension in both psychological and social sphere of contemporary society.



Women; Gender; Medieval; Sultanate; Mughal

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