Overview of Possible Transmission Path of SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) and Outbreak of the COVID-19 in Chinese Mainland

Wei WANG, Weihong ZHOU

Abstract


The current study reviews the origin and outbreak process of the rampaging COVID-19 affecting Asia (Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, India, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, UAE) and the rest of the world (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States), depriving lives of more than 1000 people around the globe. Based on the empirical analysis, specific prevention measures are proposed for future reference.


Keywords


Transmission path; 2019-nCoV; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Prevention measures

Full Text:

PDF

References


24KG. (2020). Coronavirus gets temporary name - Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (NCP). Retrieved from https://24.kg/english/143098__Coronavirus_gets_temporary_name_-_Novel_Coronavirus_Pneumonia_NCP/

Andrew, S. (2020). What we know about the coronavirus cases in the US. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/27/health/coronavirus

Chen, et al. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. The Lancet, Retrieved from https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30211-7/fulltext

Denyer, et al. (2020). Coronavirus live updates: Cruise-ship infections surge as thousands remain quarantined. Retrieved from https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/coronavirus-live-updates-cruise-ship-infections-surge-as-thousands-remain-quarantined/ar-BBZPBqf

Feng, E., & Cheng, A. (2020). In quarantined Wuhan, hospital beds for coronavirus patients are scarce. Retrieved from https://health.wusf.usf.edu/post/quarantined-wuhan-hospital-beds-coronavirus-patients-are-scarce#stream/0

Guan, et al. (2020). Clinical characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in China. MedRxiv, Retrieved from https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.06.20020974v1

Holshue, et al. (2020). First case of 2019 novel coronavirus in the United States. The New England Journal of Medicine, https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001191?query=recirc_mostViewed_railB_article

Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection of Department of Health. (2020). What is COVID-19?. Retrieved from https://www.coronavirus.gov.hk/eng/index.html#What_is_COVID-19

Huang, et al. (2020). Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet. Retrieved from https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30183-5/fulltext

Kekulé, A. S. (2015, Jul.). Learning from Ebola Virus: How to Prevent Future Epidemics. Viruses, 7(7), 3789-3797.

Kiernan, & Bardi (2020). Timeline of the coronavirus. Retrieved from https://www.thinkglobalhealth.org/article/updated-timeline-coronavirus

Li, et al. (2020). Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia. The New England Journal of Medicine, Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001316?query=recirc_mostViewed_railB_article

Lipsitch, et al. (2020). Defining the epidemiology of Covid-19 — studies needed. The New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2002125?query=featured_home

Mathew, et al. (2020). Coronavirus outbreak: Death toll rises to 490. Retrieved from https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/coronavirus-outbreak-death-toll-rises-to-490-1.1580458011305

Neuman, Scott. (2020). Coronavirus found In China prisons, as cases spike in South Korea. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/

Neuman, Scott. (2020a). Beijing takes direct control over coronavirus response in Hubei Province. Retrieved from https://wysu.org/content/npr/beijing-takes-direct-control-over-coronavirus-response-hubei-province

ReliefWeb. (2020). 2019 novel coronavirus (2019nCoV): Strategic preparedness and response plan (Draft as of 3 February 2020). Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/world/2019-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-strategic-preparedness-and-response-plan-draft-3

Science alert. (2020). Here’s everything you need to know about the coronavirus spreading from China. Retrieved from https://www.sciencealert.com/here-s-everything-you-need-to-know-about-china-s-mysterious-virus

Sound. Health. (2020). Deadly coronavirus outbreak DID start at Wuhan animal market. Retrieved from https://www.soundhealthandlastingwealth.com/health-news/deadly-coronavirus-outbreak-did-start-at-wuhan-animal-market/

World Health Organization. (2020). Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.

Zhu, et al. (2020). A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. The New England Journal of Medicine, Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001017?query=featured_home

Zou, et al. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 viral load in upper respiratory specimens of infected patients. The New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2001737?query=featured_home




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11660

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Wei WANG

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; hess@cscanada.net; hess@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Higher Education of Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

HIGHER EDUCATION OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcaooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Center of Sciences and Cultures