A Heuristic Approach for Coordination of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Charging in Smart Grid

Amir S. Masoum, Sara Deilami, Mohammad A.S. Masoum, A. Abu-Siada


In this paper, a heuristic load management algorithm (H-LMA) is proposed for Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) charging coordination. The proposed approach is aimed to minimize system losses over a period T (e.g., 24 hours) through re-optimizing the system at time intervals (e.g., 15 minutes) while regulating bus voltages through future smart grid communication system by exchanging signals with individual PEV chargers. Scheduling is performed based on the allowable substation transformer loading level and taking into account PEV owner preference/priority within three designated charging time zones. Starting with the highest priority consumers, H-LMA will distribute charging of PEVs within the selected priority time zones to minimize total system losses over a period T while maintaining network operation criteria such as power generation and bus voltages within their permissible limits. Simulation results are presented for different charging scenarios and are compared to demonstrate the performance of H-LMA for the modified IEEE 23 kV distribution system connected to several low voltage residential networks populated with PEVs. The main contribution of this paper lies in the detailed simulations / analyses of the smart grid under study and highlighting the impacts of and T values on the performance of the proposed coordination approach in terms of accuracy and coordination execution time.


Heuristic; Load management; PEV; Coordination and smart grid.

Full Text:



Amin, S. M. (2008). For the good of the grid. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 6(6), 48-59.
Ashtari A., Bibeau, E., Shahidinejad, S., Molinski, T. (2012). PEV charging profile prediction and analysis based on vehicle usage data. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 3(1), 341-350.
Bashash, S., Fathy, H.K. (2012). Transport-based load modeling and sliding mode control of plug-in electric vehicles for robust renewable power tracking. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 3(1), 526-534.
Civanlar, S., Grainger, J.J. (1985). Volt/var control on distribution systems with lateral branches using shunt capacitors and voltage regulators part III: The numerical results. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus, 104(1), 3291-3297.
Clement-Nyns, K., Haesen, E., Driesen, J. (2010). The impact of charging plug-in hybrid electric vehicles on a residential distribution grid. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 25(1). 371-380.
Deilami, S., Masoum, A.S., Moses, P., Masoum, M.A.S. (2011). Real-time coordination of plug-in electric vehicle charging in smart grids to minimize power losses and improve voltage profile., IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2(3), 456-467.
Duvall, M., Knipping, E., Alexander, M. (2007). Environmental assessment of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. EPRI, Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 1.
Han, S., Han, S., Sezaki. K. (2012). Development of an optimal vehicle-to-grid aggregator for frequency regulation. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 1(1), 65-72.
Lightner, E.M., Widergren. S.E. (2010). An orderly transition to a transformed electricity system. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 1(1) 3-10.
Massoud Amin, S., Wollenberg, B.F. (2005). Toward a smart grid: power delivery for the 21st century. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 3(5), 34-41.
Masoum, A.S., Abu-Siada, A., Islam. S. (2011). Impact of uncoordinated and coordinated charging of plug-in electric vehicles on substation transformer in smart grid with charging station. In Proceedings of IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia (ISGT Asia), Perth, WA, Australia, 1-7.
Masoum, A.S., Deilami, S. Moses, P., Masoum, M.A.S., Abu-Siada, A. (2011). Smart load management of plug-in electric vehicles in distribution and residential networks with charging stations for peak shaving and loss minimization considering voltage regulation. IET Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 5(8), 877-888.
Moses, P., Deilami, D., Masoum, A.S., Masoum, M.A.S. (2010). Power quality of smart grids with plug-in electric vehicles considering battery charging profile. In Proceedings of IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe), Gothenburg, Sweden, 1-5.
Moses, P., Masoum, M.A.S., Hajforoosh, S. (2012). Overloading of distribution transformers in smart grid due to uncoordinated charging of plug-in electric vehicles. In Proceedings of IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT, USA), Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 1-7.
Sortomme, E., El-Sharkawi. M.A. (2011). “Optimal charging strategies for unidirectional vehicle-to-grid”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2(1), 131-138.
Wu, D., Aliprantis, D.C., Ying, L. (2012). Load scheduling and dispatch for aggregators of plug-in electric vehicle. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 3(1), 368-376.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.est.1923847920130502.768

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/g4211


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; est@cscanada.net; est@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Energy Science and Technology are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailest@cscanada.net; est@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures