Research on Foreign Innovative Countries and Their Revelations



Focused on the Chinese innovation, The paper researched on the typical experiences of foreign innovatiove countries and the revelations for china to build an innovative country. Firstly, the paper intruduced the original theory of innovative country:Schumpeterian’s innovation theory. Secondly, it expounded the theory connotation of innovative country from two levels of technological economics and institutional economics and described totally the representatives and their basic theories of innovative country. Furthermore, it summed up the inevitability into the times of innovation-oriented nation, and the basic connotation and characteristic of innovative country. On that basis, it studied characteristics of foreign typical innovative countries in different levels, including USA, Japan, South Korea, Finland, Sweden. Finally, According to the achievements and shortcomings of building an innovative country of China at past time and making recommendations of the construction with Chinese characteristics, such as innovative national policy, institution, environment and so on, the paper specified the concepts of ‘innovative country’, concluded by advocating strengthening of national level capacities to revelate seven levels as follows: speeding up the national innovation system and culturing the initiate innovation ability of enterprises; improving the system and building a innovational security policies system perfectly; strengthening coordination between the innovation main bodies and enhancing the overall efficiency of system innovation; making good use of global science and technology resources, and expanding the economy and technology cooperation with developed countries; strengthening personnel training and setting up a relaxed environment for employment; accelerating the integration and construction of regional innovation system and improving the operating efficiency; building an innovation culture and strengthening the innovation spirit trainine and the innovational sense cultivation.
Keywords: Innovative Countries; Different Countries; Innovation Theory; Innovational Policy; Etudes sur des pays innovateurs et les révélations pour la Chine
Résumé: Cet article nous présente des recherches sur les expériences typiques des pays innovateurs étrangers et les révélations pour la Chine pour construire un nouveau modèle de pays innovateur. Dans un premier temps, on introduit la naissance de la théorie de pays innovateur, c’est-à-dire la théorie de l’innovation technique de Schumpeter; ensuite, on explique les connotations de la théorie de pays innovateur du point de vue de l’économie de technologie et de l’économie de politique en faisant une présentation complète et raffinée sur les personnages représentatifs étrangers et leurs opinions principales sur la théorie de pays innovateur ; et puis, on résume l’inévitabilité de l’entrée dans l’époque d’innovation, les connotations et les caractéristiques des pays innovateurs. A partir de cette base,on fait des études sur les caractéristiques de certians pays innovateurs typiques, par exemple les Etats-Unis, le Japon,la Coréé du Sund, la Finlande et la Suède. Finalement, des révélations et des réflexions sur la construction d’un pays innovateur en Chine.
Mot-clés: pays innovateur; pays différents; la théorie d’innovation; la politique d’innovation
摘要:本文主要研究國外創新型國家的典型經驗以及對中國建設創新型國家的啟示。文章首先介紹創新型國家的理論緣起即熊彼特( Schumpeter,1912)的技術創新論;然後從技術經濟學和制度經濟學兩個層面闡述了創新型國家的理論內涵,將國外創新型國家理論的代表人物及主要觀點進行了全面、細緻的梳理;進一步總結了進入國家創新時代的必然性和創新型國家的基本內涵和特徵。在此基礎上,從不同層面對典型創新型國家的特點進行了研究其中包括美國、日本、韓國、芬蘭和瑞典。昀後從五個方面闡述了對我國創新型國家建設的啟示及思考。

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