The Evalution to the Comprehensive Competitiveness of Industry Clusters and its Industrial Upgrading: an investigation to the non-weaven cluster in Pengchang town of Xiantao city in Hubei province

Ruo-jiang XIA, Wei-wei XIE


Almost all industry clusters where the competitive advantage is the low cost of labor and natural resources are facing the problem of clusters’ upgrading and path controlling in the global value chain. In this paper, a non-woven cluster in Pengchang town of Xiantao city in Hubei province was chosen to be a key research target. The problems in this cluster can reflect the common characteristics of the labor-intensive clusters in China. After evaluating the mature degree and potential threatens of Pengchang cluster, a viewpoint of re-establishing competitive advantage, as well as the thinking way of making industry policies from the view of supplying generic technology was put forward.
Keywords: industry clusters, generic technology, cooperative innovation
Résumé Les groupes industriels de notre pays, développés grâce aux avantages de la main-d’oeuvre et des ressources naturelles, confrontent tous les problème de la progression dans la chaîne de valeur industrielle mondiale et de l’augmentation de la force de contrôle. L’auteur a choisi le groupe industriel de la toile non-tissée de Pengchang comme objet d’étude, parce que ses problème apparus dans son développement sont représentatifs dans notre pays. Après avoir évalué son niveau de développement et les dangers latents, l’auteur propose de remettre en valeur ses avandages. De plus il avance, sous l’angle de l’alimentation de la techique générale du groupe, l’idée d’élaborer des politiques correspondantes.
Mots-clés : groupe industriel, technique générale, coopération et innovation
摘 要 中國利用勞動力和自然資源優勢而發展起來的產業集群都面臨在全球產業價值鏈中的升級和集群路徑控制力的提升問題。本文選擇了湖北仙桃市彭場鎮無紡布產業集群作為重點研究對象,這個產業集群發展中的問題在中國具有一定的代表性。在對此產業集群的發展成熟度和潛在威脅進行評估的基礎上,提出了重塑其競爭優勢的觀點,並從集群共性技術供應這個角度提出了制定相應產業政策的思路。

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