Surpass the “Prototype”: a Modern Review on Liu Xie’s “Origin of Tao”

Qing-hong WANG


Carl Jung had great intests on China’s “Tao”theory and tried to conclude it into the prototype-criticism theory. Liu Xie’s “origin of Tao”theory was based upon the exploration on literary origin of Chinese traditional culture ; while Jung’s prototype-criticism emphasized on the general resemblance of human’s cultural mentality, which was parallel with Liu’s idea. However, Jung’s prototype theory was based upon religion. He concluded the prototype from the deity’s image. While the “origin of Tao”theory described the basic conformation of human’s mental culture based on human and nature’s poetic relation. The ecoesthetics ideas contained in “origin of Tao” theory’s geniality to nature might be a effective prescription for the bogged down prototype-criticism.
Key Words: Origin of Tao, Prototype, Comparation, Nature, Religion
Résumé Intéressé à la ‘‘voie’’ chinoise, Rongge s’efforce de l’intégrer dans le cadre théorique de la critique de prototype. La doctrine de ‘‘voie originale’’de Liuxie, qui recherche l’origine littéraire sur la base de la culture traditionnelle chinoise, a certains points communs avec la critique de prototype de Rongge qui met l’accent sur l’investigation des analogies générales de la psychologie culturelle de l’homme. Toutefois, la doctrine de prototype de Rongge repose sur la conception religieuse et induit le protototype de l’image de dieu alors que la doctrine de la ‘‘voie originale’’construit les formes fondamentales de la culture spirituellle de l’humanité sur la base de la relaton poétique entre l’homme et la nature. La pensée esthétique de la théorie écologique, renfermée dans la doctrine de la ‘‘voie originale’’ rapprochant de la nature, est une bonne recette pour sauver la critique de prototype en détresse.
Mots-clés: la voie originale, le prototype, la comparaison, la nature, la religion
摘 要 榮格對中國的“道"極有興趣,試圖將之納入到原型批評的理論框架,劉勰“原道"說就是立足于中國傳統文化關於文學本原的探究,與榮格著眼于求索人類文化心理大體相似性的原型批評有相通之處。然而,榮格的原型說立足於宗教觀念,從神的形象中歸納出原型,而原道說則是在人與自然的詩意關係的基礎上,構建人類精神文化的基本形態。原道說對自然的親和中所蘊含的生態論美學思想不失為拯救陷入困境的原型批評的良方。

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