Historical and Cultural Connotation of Chinese and Western National Heroes’ Loyalism: Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Greek Mythology



Romance of the Three Kingdoms has given shape to a group of loyal and brave heroes of the Three Kingdoms, such as Zhuge Liang, Guan Yun etc. in Shu Kingdom, who take Confucian philosophy as the norm of their behavior. Greek Mythology has depicted twelve ancient Greek preeminent gods under Zeus’ lead, who view “beauty”, “wisdom”, “competition” and “individual freedom” as their main philosophic values. This paper compares and analyzes the similarities and differences of “national heroes’ loyalism” in Chinese and western history and culture from the perspective of philosophy, taking the historical images, literary images and folk images of the loyal national heroes in Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Greek Mythology as examples.



Romance of the Three Kingdoms; Greek Mythology; National heroes’ loyalism; Historical and cultural connotation; Similarities; Differences

Full Text:



Bai Du Encyclopedia. (February 20, 2014). Greek mythology. Retrieved from http://baike.baidu.com/subview/5952/9571105.htm?fromId=5952&from=rdtself

Bai Du Encyclopedia. (March 8, 2014). Guan Yu. Retrieved 2014 from http://baike.baidu.com/subview/2275/6379942.htm?fromId=2275&from=rdtself

Bai Du Encyclopedia. (March 3, 2014). Zhuge Liang. Retrieved from http://baike.baidu.com/subview/2347/6593662.htm?fromId=2347&from=rdtself

Bai Du Encyclopedia. (March 9, 2014). Zhuge Liang’ tomb. Retrieved from http://baike.baidu.com/view/999619.htm

Bai Du Encyclopedia. (March 10, 2014). Confucianism. Retrieved from http://baike.baidu.com/view/51931.htm?fromId=403077&redirected=seachword

Chen, S. (2011). The history of the three kingdoms. Shanghai: Ancient Books Press.

Lei, M. (2011). Righteousness in Chinese and western culture: Rush hour and romance of the three kingdoms. Cross-Cultural Communication, (7)4, 63-65.

Luo, G. Z. (2006). The romance of the three kingdoms. Beijing: People’s Literature Publishing House.

Mao, L. Q., & Li, Fan. (2009). The preeminent Gods in Greek mythology. Shanghai: Fudan University Press.

Wang, Y. X. (2006). Myth and history: The historical and cultural connotation of Greek mythology. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Yi, Z. T. (February 26, 2014). Yi zhongtian’s commentary of the three kingdoms. Retrieved from http://www.3gpxp.com

Zhang, X. R. (2005). Analysis of the characteristic images in the romance of the three kingdoms. Central China Normal University Network Education Institute.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2014 Min LEI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Online Submission: http://cscanada.org/index.php/ccc/submission/wizard

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Cross-Cultural Communication are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture