National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Botswana – An Overview



The spatial data plays a vital role in any developmental activities whether it is natural resource management or socio-economic development. Most land-related government departments in Botswana have over the years since independence in 1966 developed systems to support their principal areas of operations as regards to spatial data. The adequacy and currency of spatial data in government operations improved leading to a need for integrated systems. This has progressively led to issues of building a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) and an initiative modeled around Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) has been established. Several facilitative committees were set and several meetings held in attempt to develop the idea to a realizable level and integrate it into the greater workings of the national economy. This noble idea has stalled for some time now and it is the intention of this paper to report on how the idea was initiated in Botswana and look at the probable causes for its stalling. The paper will then go ahead and suggest what could be done to revitalize the idea by relating it to what is considered the best practices in Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) programmes globally.


Budhathoki, N. R., & Nedovic-Budic, Z. (2007). Expanding Spatial Infrustrucure Knowledge Base. Research and Theory in Advancing Spatial Data Infrastructure Concepts. In Harlan Onsrud (Ed.), Creative Commons License, Attribution 2.5. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press. Retrieved from

Budhathoki, N. R., (Chip) Bruce, B., & Nedovic-Budic, Z. (2008). Reconceptualizing the Role of the User of Spatial Data Infrastructure. Geo Journal, 72(3-4), 149-160. doi 10.1007/s10708-008-9189-x

Chan, T. O., & Williamson, I. P. (1999). Spatial Data Infrastructure Management: Lessons from Corporate GIS Development. Australasian and Regional Information Systems Association (AURISA), The 27th Annual Conference of AURISA. Retrieved from

Clinton, W. J. (1994). Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure. Executive Order 12096, Federal Register 59, 17671-4 (Washington, DC). Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Retrieved from

Crompvoets et al. (2004). Assessing the Worldwide Developments of National Spatial Data Clearinghouses. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 18(7), 665-689.

Crompvoets, J., Rajabifard, A., van Loenen, B., & Fernández, T. D. (Eds.). (2008). Multi-view Framework to Assess Spatial Data Infrastructures. Space for Geo-Information (RGI), Wageningen University and Centre for SDIs and Land Administration, Department of Geomatics, the University of Melbourne. ISBN 978-0-7325-1623-9.

Ezigbalike, C., Selebalo, Q. C., Faïz, S., & Zhou, S. Z. (2000). Spatial Data Infrastructures: Is Africa Ready? Spatial Data Infrastructure Conference, Cape Town, South Africa. Retrieved from

ESRI (2010). GIS Best Practices: Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). ESRI Press. Retrieved from

European Parliament, Council. (2007). Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). Retrieved from

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC). (2012). Components of NSDI. Retrieved from

Gavin, E. (2001). Building SDI in Africa: A South African Experience. Retrieved from

Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). (2012). New report: A Conceptual Model for Developing Interoperability Specifications in Spatial Data Infrastructures. Retrieved from

International Records Management Trust. (2008). Fostering Trust and Transparency in Governance. Investigating and Addressing the Requirements for Building Integrity in Public Sector Information Systems in the ICT Environment. Botswana Case Study. Retrieved from

Lipej, B. (2008). Future Challenges for Surveyors in Developing European and National Societies: NMCA Point of View. Retrieved from

Masser, I. (1999). All Shapes and Sizes: The First Generation of National Spatial Data Infrastructures.International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 13(1), 67-84.

Morebodi, B. B. H. (2001). Botswana-Towards a National Spatial Data Infrastructure. FIG Conference Proceedings, Nairobi, Kenya. Retrieved from

Morebodi, B., Das, R., & Habana, G. (2008). Advances in Mapping in Botswana Scenario of a Developing African Nation. Conference on Geospatial Sciences for Sustainable Development in Africa Global Dialogue on Emerging Science and Technology. Retrieved from

Mothibi, K. L., Malatsi, B., & Finnström, Å. (2008). Systematic Adjudication on Tribal Land in Botswana. Retrieved from

Mueller, H. (2010). Spatial Information Management, an Effective Tool to Support Sustainable Urban Management. 46th ISOCARP Congress 2010. Retrieved from

Nkabwe, M. (2002). Land Information Systems and National Spatial Infrastructure. Volume XXXIV-6/W6, ISPRS Commission VI Workshop. Retrieved from

Onsrud, H. (2007). Introduction. In Harlan Onsrud (Ed.), Research and Theory in Advancing Spatial Data Infrastructures. CA: ESRI Press, 380 New York Street, Redlands, California.

Poplin, J. (2010). Methodology for Measuring the Demand Geo-information Transaction Costs: Based on Experiments in Berlin, Vienna and Zurich. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 5, 168-193.

Rajabifard, A. (2008). An SDI for a Spatially Enabled Government and Society. In Crompvoets et al. (Eds.), A Multiview Framework to Assess Spatial Data Infrastructure. Retrieved from

Ryttersgaard, J. (2001). Spatial Data Infrastructure Developing Trends and Challenges. CODI-2, Addis Ababa. Retrieved from

Sebake, M. D., & Cotzee, S. (2011). On Motivators and Barriers of Interorganizational GIS Data Sharing for Address Organizations in a South African SDI. Retrieved from

Tembo, T., Manisa, M. B., & Maphale, L. (2001). Land Information Management in Customary Land in Botswana. FIG Conference Proceedings. Retrieved from

Toth, K., Portele, C., Illert, A., & Nunes de Lima, M. (2012). A Conceptual Model for Developing Interoperability Specifications of Spatial Data Infrastructures. European Union Joint Research Centre Reference Reports. Retrieved from

Warnest, M., Rajabifard, A., & Williamson, I. (2003). Understanding Inter-Organizational Collaboration and Partnerships in the Development of a National SDI. Retrieved from



DOI (indexed/included/archived):


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use the following emails to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;;

 Articles published in Advances in Natural Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Website: Http://; Http://;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures