Dynamics of Nuclear Going Theories: Problems and Prospect

Rajkumar Singh

Abstract


In the contemporary world the mad nuclear arms race is high on the political agenda of most neo-cons, super-patriots, religious fanatics and arms dealers. Throughout the nuclear era, the conventional wisdom has been that one state’s nuclear acquisition has driven its adversaries to follow suit but it is not always the case and instead, the primary security factor driving nuclear weapons proliferation today is the disparity in conventional military power. This is likely to continue in the future, with profound consequences for which states do and don’t seek nuclear weapons. As proliferation begets proliferation, the analysis of reasons why states have sought nuclear weapons remained a central theme of the whole aspect. Several theories-traditional and modern, exist today with their arguments but no single theory is in a position to prove itself as the sole influencing factor which makes it difficult for academician and policymakers to forecast-why states start nuclear weapons programmes or refrain from it. With these facts and factors in the background the paper aims to analyze various existing motivational theories / influencing factors to provide new insight and to be helpful to analysts and policy makers who deal with potential current or future proliferating states. Only by knowing why states behave like they do, effective policies to influence this behaviour can be made.


Keywords


Nuclear weapons; Security; Conventional military power; Rivalry; Regional situations; Will and capability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, S. J. (1976). The international political economy of proliferation. In D. Carlton & C. Schacrf (Eds.), Arms control and technological innovation (pp.70-101). New York and Toronte, John Wiley & Sons.

Bracken, P. (1999). Fire in the East: The rise of Asian military power and the second nuclear age (pp.95-114). New York: Harper Collins.

Campbell, K. M. ( 2004). Reconsidering a nuclear future: Why countries might cross over to the other side. In K. M. Campbell, R. J. Einhorn, & M. B. Reiss (Eds.), The nuclear tipping point. Why states reconsider their nuclear choices. (pp.18-31). Washington: Brooking Institution Press.

Chari, P. R., Cheema, P. I., & Cohen, S. P. (2007). Four crises and a peace process: American engagement in South Asia (pp.118-183). Washington: The Brookings Institution.

Cirincione, J. (2007). Bomb scare: The history and future of nuclear weapons (pp.100-102). New York: Columbia University Press.

Dong, J. J., & Erik, G. (2007). Determinants of nuclear weapons proliferation. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51(1), 167-194.

Dunn, L. A. (2009). The NPT. Assessing the past, building the future. Nonproliferation Review, 16(2), 143-172.

Erickson, S. A. (2001). Economic and technological trends affecting nuclear nonproliferation. Nonproliferation Review, 8(2), 40-54.

Harald, M., & Schmidt, A. (2010). The little known story of deproliferation. Why states give university press nuclear weapon activities. In W. C. Potter & G. Mukhatzhanova (Eds.), Forecasting nuclear non-proliferation in the 21st century: The role of theory (pp.146-148). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hymans, J. E. C. (2006). Theories of nuclear proliferation: The state of the field. Nonproliferation Review, 13(3), 455-465.

Keck, Z. (2013). Why countries build nuclear weapons in the 21st century. The Diplomate, (July).

Lavoy, P. R. (2006). Nuclear proliferation over the next decade. Causes, warning, signs and policy responses. Nonproliferation Review, 13(3), 433-454.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (1990). Back to the future: Instability in Europe after the Cold War. International Security, 15(4), 5-56.

Meer, S. Van D. (2016). States’ motivations to acquire or forgo nuclear weapons: Four factors of influence. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 17(1), 211.

Meyer, S. M. (1984). The dynamics of nuclear proliferation. (p.10). Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

O’Neil, A. K. (2009). Nuclear weapons and non-proliferation. Is restraint sustainable? Security Challenges, 5(4), 39-57.

Paul, T. V. (2000). Power versus prudence: Why nations forgo nuclear weapons. Montreal, Mc Grill-queen’s University Press.

Quester, G. (1973). The politics of nuclear proliferation. Baltimore and London, John Hopkins University Press.

Rothstein, R. L. (1966). On nuclear proliferation (pp.16-17). New York: Columbia University.

Sagan, S. D. (1996). Why do states build nuclear weapons? Three models in search of a bomb. International Security, 21(3), 54-86.

Sauer, T. (2011). The emerging powers and the nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime (p.5). Brussels: Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations.

Singh, Dr. R. (2005). Nuclear deterrence: More real than myth. Third Concept, 19(217), 17.

Solingen, E. (2007). Nuclear logic, contrasting paths in East Asia and the Middle East (pp.1-20). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tertrais, B. (2011). Security guarantees and nuclear non-proliferation. Paris: Foundation pour la Recherché Strategique.

White, T. O. (1996). Is there a theory of nuclear proliferation? An analysis of the contemporary debate. Nonproliferation Review, 4(1), 43, 60.

Wong-Frazer, A. S. Y. (1980). The political utility of nuclear weapons. Expectations and experience. (p.336). Lanham: University Press of America.

Yusuf, M. (2009). Predicting proliferations: The history of the future of nuclear weapons. Policy Paper, No.11, p.3. Boston, Brookings.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Rajkumar Singh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; sss@cscanada.net; sss@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Sociology of Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

STUDIES IN SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE Editorial Office

Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures