The Pragmatic Motivation Behind the Generating Mechanism of New “Bei +X” Construction

Bo LI, Yali CHEN

Abstract


Recently, the new “bei +X” as a catch phrase has been gained much attention of researchers, such as “被代表” (being represented), “被幸福” (being happy), 被高铁 (being high speed rail) etc.. The new “bei+X” construction adopts the form of traditional “bei+X” construction, but applies the words and expressions which are not allowed in traditional “bei+X” construction in order to achieve pragmatic negation with distorted language form and a stressed “bei”. Based on this new construction, people can satirize some abnormal social phenomena and express their impotence. Previous studies of this construction mainly centered on forms and usages, and with more and more such kind of phrases appear, researchers began to study the generating mechanism of this construction. However, most previous studies of it are based on construction grammar and the study from the perspective of pragmatics mainly focuses on pragmatic effects and values while the generating mechanism is less explained. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the pragmatic motivation behind the generating mechanism of new “bei +X” in some specific principles: contexts constrain, requirement for the maxim of minimization, and face-saving. The findings will provide a complementary explanation of the generating mechanism of new “bei +X” construction and enable us to have a better understanding of this new construction.


Keywords


New “bei+X” construction; Pragmatics motivation; Maxim of minimization; Context constrain; Face-saving model

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chai, G. Y. (2010). A philosophical criticism on “bei” phenomena with Burke’s rhetorical dramatism. Foreign Language and Literature, 26(4), 56-59.

Chen, W. B. (2010). An semantic and cognitive interpretation of the new “bei+X” structure. Modern Rhetoric, (4), 80-87.

Cheng, H. J., & Song, S. S. (2009). A probe into the new “bei+ X” structure. Language Planning, (11), 64-65.

Dai, H. Y. (2002). Conceptual structures and non-autonomous syntax: Some conceptualization principles in Chinese grammar. Modern Linguistics, 4(1), 1-12.

Feng, R. (2010). Analysis of catch phrase “bei+XX” from the combination of cognitive metaphor and grammatical metaphor. Journal of Guilin Normal College, 24(2), 83-85.

Leech, G. (1983). Principles of pragmatics. London: Longman.

Levinson, S. (1987). Pragmatics and the grammar of anaphora: A partial pragmatic reduction of binding and control phenomena. Journal of Linguistics, 23(3), 379-431.

Liu, H. N. (2010). A multi-angle probe into the new “bei+X” construction. Chinese Character Culture, (3), 49-53.

Liu, P., & Zhao, G. J. ( 2009). The “bei zu he” under “bei shi dai”. Rhetorical Study, 74-81.

Peng, Y. M., & Gan, Y. (2010). “Bei V (two-syllabled verbs)”: A new passives. Studies of the Chinese Language, (1), 57-58.

She, C. H. (2013). The generating mechanism, semantic understanding and pragmatic effects of the new “bei” construction. Modern Rhetoric, (1), 12-28.

Wang, C. L. (2009). A new usage of “bei”—take “being committed suicide for example. Language Planning, (4), 65-66.

Yan, H. (2009). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yule, G. (2012). Pragmatics. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.

Zeng, Z., & Yuan, W. H. (2010). An analysis of “bei”’s new combined phenomenon. Changjiang Academic, (2), 172-179

Zhang, M. H. (2010). On the catch phrase “bei+XX” construction. Journal of Guangdoneg Polytechnic Normal University, (3), 85-87.

Zheng, Q. J. (2010). The catch phrase phenonmenon of “bei+XX” and its related pragmatic motivations. Journal of Xi’an International Studies University, 18(1), 41-44.

Zhou, W. H., & Cai, Z. L. (2009). Hot issue “bei+X” structure. Modern Chinese, (10), 138-139.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Bo LI, Yali CHEN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; sss@cscanada.net; sss@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Sociology of Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

STUDIES IN SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE Editorial Office

Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures