The Prevalence of Gill Parasites of Clarias Species Sold in Jalingo Market in Taraba State, Nigeria

D. A. Wanmi, D. G. W. Chintem, J. A. Njilmah, Achilus Francis


The gills of 80 specimens of Clarias species randomly purchased from the fresh fish market in Jalingo, Taraba State were examined for gill parasites. 39 (48.75%) of the fish were infected by two species of parasites: a monogenean, Macrogyrodactylus congolensis (47.5%) and a protozoan, Henneguya sp. (7.5%). Gill infections were observed in fish of lengths 36.5-44.5cm (66.7%); 21-27cm (60%). The highest prevalence of infection (66.7%) was observed in fish that weighed 40-105g; however male fish were observed to have higher prevalence of infection (65%) than females (61.53%).


Gill; Parasites; Clarias; Monogenean; Prevalence; Protozoan

Full Text:



Aderounmu, E. A., & Adeniyi, F. (1973). Cestodes in fish from a pond at ile-ife. The African Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries. 2, 151-156.

Aken’Ova, T. O. (1999). Helminth infection of the gills of Clarias species in Taraba State. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 20, 99-112.

Bash, A. O., Fernandez, J. C., & Seed, J. R. (2001). Parasitism. The diversity and ecology of animal parasites Cambridge University, Cambridge.

Duijn, J. (1973). Diseases of Fishes. Published by life Book Ibadan. Pp.1-6.

Eyo, A. A., & Olatunde, A. A, (2001). Protein and Amino acid requirements of fish with particular reference to species cultured in Nigeria. In A. A. Eyo (Ed.), Fish Nutrition and Fish Feed technology (pp.58-71). Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISAN), Apapa, Lagos Nigeria.

Hoffman, L. C., & Bauer, O. N. (1972). Fish parasites in a water reservoir. A review. In G. E Hallsed (Ed.), Reservoir fisheries and limnology. American Fishery Society, Washington DC.

Mashego, S. N. (2001). Redistribution of Proteocephalus glanduligar. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 38, 13-17

Nwuba, L. A. (1987). Helminth Parasites of Clarias lazera from inland water in Taraba State. Taraba State Veterinarian, 2, 65-69.

Okaeme, A. N. (2001). Fish disease surveillance in Nigeria. Kainji Newsletter, 6(2).

Oniye, S. J., Ajanusi, O. P., Ega, R. A., & Agbede, R. I. S. (2002). Gill parasites of Hyperopisus bebe occidentalis (Gunther) in Taraba State Dam. Nigerian Journal of Tropical Biosciences, 2(1), 98-105.

Onwuliri, C. O. E., & Mgbemena, M. O. (1987). The Parasite fauna of some freshwater fish from Jos Plateau Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Applied Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 2, 33-37.

Paperna, I. (1964). Host reaction to infestation of carp with Dactylogyrus vastator Nybelin, 1924 (Monogenea). Bamidgeh (Bull. Fish cult Isreal). 16, 129-141.

Paperna, I. (1980). Parasites infections and diseases of fish in Africa. An update CIFA Tech. paper No. 31. FAO Rome p.220.

Paperna, I. (1991). Diseases caused by parasites in the Aquaculture of warm water fish. Annual Rev. Fish DIS, 1, 155-194.

Reed, W. Buchard J, Hopson, A.J, Jennes, J., & Yaro, I. (1967). fish and fisheries of Northern Nigeria (p.226). Ministry of Agriculture. Gaskiya Corporation, Taraba State.

Rukyani, A. (1990). Histopathological changes in the gills of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) infected with Myxosporean Parasite Myxobolus kudoa. Asian fish Sci., 3, 337-341.

Teugels, G. G. (1982). Preliminary results of a morphological study of five nominal species of the subgenus Clarias (Pisces Clariidae. Journal of Natural History, 16(13), 439-464.

William, R. Halwart, M., & Barb, U. (1998). The parasitic crustaceans of African freshwater fish. Their Biology and distribution. Journal of Zoology, 156, 35-43

Yakubu, D.P. (2002). A Comparative study of gut helminths of Tilapia zilli and Clarias gariepinus from River Uke in Nassarawa State. Nigerian Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 17(2), 137-139.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Management Science and Engineering

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Management Science and Engineering are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address:1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http:// Http://

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures