The Phytochemical Analysis of Aqueous Extract of Phyllanthus Fraternus

Francis Achilus, Bello Samuel I. Adeseye, Bello Samuel I. Adeseye


Phyllanthus fraternus Webster a tropical weed, belong to the family Phyllanthaceae, medically the plant is employed for numerous uses by the indigenous people, including Nigerians. These include treatment of diabetes, dysentery, fever, flu, tumors, jaundice, vaginitis, and dyspepsia. It has  equally been discovered to possess antibacterial  and antifungal activities.  The preliminary phytochemical study of the aqueous extract of the plant was carried out using standard method of (Harborn 1976 and Trease and Evans 1989). The study reveal the presence of some secondary metabolites; tannins, saponins, glycosides, anthraquinones and phenols. Hence, the plant can be used to discover bioactive natural products that may serve as leads in the development of pharmaceuticals research activities. Though alkaloid, flavonoids, steroids, steroids and tarpenoids were found to be absent in the plant.


Phyllanthus fraternus; Webster; Metabolites; Medicinal plant

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