Compliance with Road Safety Regulations Among Commercial Motorcyclists in Nigeria

Arosanyin Godwin Tunde, Olowosulu Adekunle Taiwo, Oyeyemi Gafar Matanmi


Motorcycles account for one out of every four vehicles involved in crashes in Nigeria. The basic question has always been that do these motorcyclists comply with basic requisite safety rules? This paper therefore examined the level of compliance with some basic road traffic regulations among commercial motorcyclists commonly called okada. The data for the analysis were collected from 334 commercial motorcyclists from Samaru-Zaria in Northern Nigeria through structured questionnaire triangulated with observation and inspection. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and phi- coeffi cient. The study found total (100%) compliance with minimum age limit, number plate registration and motorcycle engine capacity but found 64, 16 and 45 per cent compliance rate with driver license, crash helmet usage and legal passenger permissive respectively. The phi coefficients reveal that there is no single factor that has all-through association with license holding helmet usage and Highway Code awareness. Union membership has negative association with two of the cases, which confi rms the antiregulation compliance posture of the okada union in the study area. The paper recommends the overhauling of the driver licensing system; enforcement of road traffic rules to enhance compliance and enactment of state traffi c regulations to reinforce the national regulations.

Key words: Informal transport; Safety; Regulations; Compliance; Nigeria

Résumé La Moto compte pour un des quatre véhicules impliqués dans des accidents au Nigeria. La question a toujours été que ne motocyclistes se conformer à ces règles élémentaires de sécurité requises? Ce document a donc examiné le niveau de conformité avec certaines règles de base de la route parmi les motocyclistes communément appelés Okada. Les données pour l’analyse ont été recueillies à partir de 334 motocyclistes commerciaux de Samaru-Zaria au nord du Nigéria par le biais questionnaire structuré triangulées avec observation et de contrôle. Les données ont été analysées à l’aide de statistiques descriptives et phi-coeffi cient. L’étude a révélé total, ce qui est de 100%, le respect de la limite d’âge minimum, la plaque d’immatriculation nombre et la capacité de moteur de moto, mais trouve 64, 16 et 45 pour cent le taux de conformité avec le permis de conduire, l’utilisation du casque et le passager juridique permissive, respectivement. Les coeffi cients phi révèlent qu’il n’ya pas de facteur unique qui a tout-à travers l’association avec la licence détention, le port du casque et de sensibilisation code de la route. Adhésion à l’Union a une association négative avec deux des cas, ce qui confi rme le respect de la posture anti-réglementation de l’union okada dans la zone d’étude.


Informal transport; Safety; Regulations; Compliance; Nigeria



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