The Impact of Multinational Auto Manufacturers on the Market Structural of Chinese Saloon Car Industry

Minchun HAN, Qi FAN, Xiu-lin YUAN


The paper studies the structural characteristics of Chinese Saloon Car market of 1993-2002 by three market structural indexes: rate of market concentration, HHI index and logarithm variance of manufacturer scale. We prove that the Saloon Car market that once was largely occupied by several monopolies has gradually developed into a multivariate competitive market.
Although the multinational auto manufacturers still have a strong control of national auto market, the violent reaction of oligopoly with the continuing opening of the market is emerging. After WTO accession, the recombining situations of Chinese auto industry, which are participated by multinational auto manufacturers, have been fixed on the whole, but it is not the result of sufficient market competition. The Chinese auto market will still face danger of being shuffled after the transitional period of WTO. It is possible to create a more stable and mature market structure only after Chinese Saloon Car industry carries through a reconstruction which based on a more fairness and orderly competition.
Keywords: Multinational Enterprise, Market Structure, Rate of Market Concentration, Saloon Car Industry
Résumé: Ce texte étudie les caractéristiques structurales du marché chinois de berline entre 1993 et 2002 à l’aide de trios index structuraux : vitesse de concentration du marché , index HHI , et la variance logarithmique de l’échelle de fabricant . On constate que le marché de berline , occupé aurapavant largement par plusieurs monopoles , est devenu graduellement un marché concurrentiel multivariant .
Bien que les fabricants multinationaux d’automobile aient encore un contrôle fort sur le marché national de voiture , la réaction forte d’oligopole avec l’ouverture continuelle du marché est en train de s’émerger . Après l’accession à l’OMC , la fusion de l’industrie chinoise d’automobile , participée par les fabricants multinationaux d’automobile a été déterminée dans l’ensemble , mais ce n’est pas le résultat de la concurrence du marché . Le marché chinois d’automobile fera face à la recomposition après la période de transition de l’OMC . Il est possible de créer une structure plus stable et mûr du marché après la traversée de reconstruction de l’industrie chinoise de berline . Cette reconstruction doit se baser sur la concurrence plus juste et plus ordonnée .
Mots-clés: enterprise multinationale , structure du marché , vitesse de concentration du marché , industrie de berline

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