The Study of Chinese Nian Customs:Spring Festival Couplets

Jing-xia Lü


This paper focuses on the study of the unique art form of Chinese literature – Spring Festival couplets. It probes into the origin, evolution and history of the development of this typical Chinese Nian custom. It reveals the implications of Chinese culture and the connotations of the folklore contained in Spring Festival couplets. It shows the national psychology of optimism, positive attitude of life and the pursuit of happiness of Chinese people. Based on the study of many historical and modern literatures, the author approaches the subject from different angles and gives her understanding and opinions of the couplets in this paper. Key words: Spring Festival couplets; Customs; History; Characteristics; ConnotationRésumé: Le présent document se concentre sur l'étude de la forme d'art unique de la littérature chinoise - les couplets de la Fête du Printemps. Il sonde dans l'origine, dans l'évolution et dans l'histoire du développement de cette coutume de Nian typiquement chinois. Il révèle les implications de la culture chinoise et les connotations du folklore figurant dans les couplets de la Fête du Printemps. Il montre la psychologie nationale de l'optimisme, l'attitude positive de la vie et la poursuite du bonheur du peuple chinois. Sur la base de l'étude de nombreuses littératures modernes et historiques, l'auteur aborde le sujet sous des angles différents et donne sa propre compréhension et ses opinions des couplets dans le présent document.Mots-Clés: couplets de la Fête du Printemps; coutumes; histoire; charactéristiques; connotation

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