Various Cultures, Interactive Influences: the Cultural Forces of Influencing the Central Asia

Jin-guo WANG, Yi-gang ZHAO

Abstract


The development of Central Asian society is a complex process characterized by contact and communication,conflict and conflation between different ethnic groups and all sorts of cultures. With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Central Asia once more came to the front of interaction between many cultures and social forces in the global stage. On the development road of Central Asian societies, surely there will be many cultures and social forces converged. The collision of these factors will forcefully influence the political, economic and social directions of Central Asia area, and deduct an either visible or invisible, could-sustained-to-future communication or contest. What’s more, with the high-tech (including advanced military equipment) changing with each passing day and the continuous impingement of economic globalization, military confrontation is possible during the peaceful communication of all sorts of cultures and social forces. Obviously, in Central Asia there exists not only amalgamated and assimilated indigenous cultures and social forces of ancient Central Asian nationalities, but also newcomers , such as western culture,Islamic culture、Russian culture and Chinese culture . Hence, when the native cultures and forces communicated and merged with each other, there will also be communication and dialogue, contest and dispute between native cultures and alien cultures. Because of the difference and intercross of these influences, peaceful cultural spreading and communication will coexist with non-peaceful contest and clash at the same time. we are sure that the conflict between different cultures, i.e. indigenous Turki-Islamic-Russia element, and non-native Russian culture、the Islamic culture and the western culture will last a long time in the Central Asian area. As an attributing center, Central Asia will be under the influence of these major cultures and social forces for a long time. Also it will be a long and step by step process for China to maneuver its influence. Due to geopolitical advantage, this influence will be unavoidable. Simoutanieously, Central Asia society will develop quicker and stronger under these pressures, finally improves its own competence in the modern world. Key Words: Contemporary Central Asian Society, cultures and social forces Résumé: Pendant le processus du développement de la société de l’asie central (la société après l’effondrement de L’URSS ), les facteurs internes et externes de la culture turque , islamique et russe et occidentale se mesurent , s’intègrent et s’opposent . La société de l’asie central , en tant que centre de diffusion de toutes les forces culturelles , restera pendant longtemps sous l’influence de ces quelques forces culturelles . La mise en fonction de la culture chinoise à l’asie central sera un processus long et progressif . De même , la société de l’asie central sera trempée sous l’inflence et la pression de diverses forces culturelles de l’extérieur , et ainsi améliore-t–elle rapidement ses propres capacités de survie et de compétition dans le future développement du monde . Mots- clés: la société moderne de l’asie central, la force externe de la culture 摘 要:在現代中亞社會(蘇聯解體後的中亞社會)的發展進程中,本土的突厥語諸民族文化、伊斯蘭文化、俄羅斯文化等因素和三者的結合體突厥語諸民族-伊斯蘭-俄羅斯文化因素,以及非本土的俄羅斯文化、伊斯蘭文化、西方文化和突厥語諸民族文化等因素將在很長一段時間內扭結、較量和衝突在一起。作為各種文化力量的集散地,中亞社會因此將在較長時期內處於這幾大文化力量的影響當中。而中國文化在中亞發揮作用將是一個長期的、漸進的過程。同樣,中亞社會將在這諸多外部文化力量的影響和擠壓下使自己得到鍛煉,從而迅速提高自身在未來全球發展中的生存和競爭能力。 關鍵詞: 現代中亞社會;外部文化力量

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020050101.031

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