The Metaphysical Foundation of the Teachings of Confucius and Mencius

Qing-wei ZHANG


Metaphysics is the common claim of both eastern and western philosophy, and the heaven is an important category of Confucianism advocated by Confucius and Mencius. The theory of heaven has provided the metaphysical foundation for Confucianism, providing not only the cornerstone of their belief, but also the ultimate basis of the value system centered by ethics and the knowledge system of Confucianism. Key words: the theory of heaven, Confucius, Mencius, metaphysics Résumé: La métaphysique est la recherche commune de la philosophie occidentale et chinoise , la Providence est une catégorie importante de la doctrine de Confucius et Mencius . La doctrine de Providence offre la base métaphysique du système confucianiste , elle est non seulement la base de la croyance de confucianisme , mais aussi le fondement définitif du système de la cognition et celui des valeurs qui considèrent le confucianisme comme le noyau de la vertu . Mots-clés: théorie de la Providence , Confucius , Mencius , métaphysique 摘 要:形而上學是中西哲學的共同訴求,天是孔孟儒學的重要範疇。孔孟天論為其儒學體系提供了形而上學的基礎,它不僅為孔孟儒學提供了信仰的基石,而且是儒家以倫理道德為核心的價值體系和知識體系的終極依據。 關鍵詞: 天論;孔子;孟子;形而上學

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