Study on Craft Culture and Features of Shandong Lu Brocade of China

Dahai WANG


China is one of the nations producing manual textiles at the earliest. With a history of a thousand years in southwest area of Shandong in China, Lu brocade is mainly distributed in Jining, Heze and other areas. As a kind of folk manual cotton textile in Shandong, Lu brocade takes cotton as main raw material, and adopts manual spinning, manually dyeing, and manual weaving, achieving colorful cloth, just like brocade and embroidery. This is why it is called Lu Brocade. The reason for Lu brocade to be passed on from generation to generation concerns a lot of the folk marriage of Shandong area. There are eight parts in its main process: spinning, dyeing thread, starching thread, wrapping, healding, crossing column, spindling, and weaving. Each process is divided into several sub-processes. Technically it can be mainly categorized into jersey technique, jacquard technique, tuck stitch technique, incision-making technique and package flower technique. For Lu brocade, jersey is the basic technique and jacquard is the core technique. Lu Brocade has distinct local specialty and practical value. Currently intangible cultural heritage protection is widely concerned, we should develop market, plan package, and conduct publicity and marketing for Lu Brocade, so as to promote the industrialized operation of the splendid traditional culture. Practice of several decades proves that the R&D and promotion of Lu Brocade products have affected the quality of Chinese manual textiles and people’s life in a positive manner.


Lu brocade; Regional feature; Brocade craft

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