Defending A Liberal: The Liberal Logic of Booker T. Washington’s Political Thought

Shu QI

Abstract


At present, the academic circles at home and abroad are locked in a binary judgment on Booker T. Washington. Generally, Booker T. Washington has also been being in the comments with two different faces in the field of the academic circle. Some scholars believed that Booker T. Washington was the one who pushed the black rights movement to the rock bottom. While, other scholars believed that his political thoughts appeared to be a kind of special product of a specific historical period. To get out of this dual trap, I believe that Booker T. Washington is absolutely not an accomplice of white racism, or just only a great black political leader having the tinge of a cult of personality; instead, from my perspective of view, he is a liberal fighter with black skin outside and white soul inside. Actually, behind Booker T. Washington’s political thought, there has been lying a set of deep-rooted liberal logic which makes him a liberal at any time. We have to say that it is an immutable truth which is the appearance and ending of each historical figure is the epitome of that era; and, the formation and development of his or her thoughts doom not to be isolated from the enormous influence of social mainstream culture. More specifically, the American paradox of liberalism, the self-concept of liberalism, and the discourse hegemony of liberalism all profoundly influenced the formation and development of Booker T. Washington’s political thought, and all those have been defending such an ambitious black boy vigorously as an out-and-out liberal.


Keywords


Booker T. Washington; The black; Liberalism; Self-concept; Discourse hegemony; Political thought

Full Text:

PDF

References


August, M. (1964). Negro thought in America, 1880-1915. Canada: The University of Michigan Press.

Charles, A. B., & Mary, R. B. (2010). The rise of American civilization. Beijing: Commercial Press.

Cong, R. Y. (2003). Between God and Caesar: Christian Dualism and Modern Liberalism. Beijing: Life, Reading, New Knowledge Sanlian Bookstore.

Cong, R. Y. (2011). Lectures on western civilization. Beijing: Peking University Press.

Cong, R. Y. & Pang, J. Y. (2011). Research on methodology of the history of western political thought. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.

David, H. & Jackson, Jr. (2008). Booker T. Washington and the struggle against white supremacy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fonna, E. (2010). Give me freedom: A History of America. Beijing: Commercial Press.

Liu, X. Y. & Ding, Z. M. (2002). The American civil war and the Gilded Age (Vol.3). Beijing: People’s Publishing House.

Louis, H. (1972). The Booker T. Washington Papers. Urbana: Urbana Press.

Macpherson, C. B. (1962). The political theory of possessive individualism: Hobbs to Lock. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Meng, M. (2001). Postmodern identity politics. Taiwan: Taipei Yangzhi Culture co., LTD.

Pan, X. J. (2001). New dictionary of contemporary western politics. Changchun: Jilin People’s Publishing House.

Samuel, R., & Spencer, Jr. (1955). Booker T. Washington and the Negro’s place in American life. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

Vernon, L. P. (2002). The history of American thought. Changchun: Jilin People’s Publishing House.

Wang, E. M. (2006). A study of black American leaders and their political ideology. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.

Washington, B. T. (2007). If you give me a chance to learn. Jiangxi: Jiangxi People’s Publishing House.

Washington, B. T. (1965). Up from slavery, three Negro classics. New York: Avon.

Wu, Y. J. (2012). Identification in the context of modernity: An examination of the debate between communitarianism and liberalism. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press.

Zhang, G. L. (1999). Western political philosophy. Beijing: China University of Political Science and Law Press

Zinn, H. (2013). The history of the American people: the fifth edition. Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10893

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Shu Qi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.net; ccc@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Cross-Cultural Communication are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture