Mechanisms and Application for Hydraulic Pulsed Cavitating Jet Generator

Hongna QU, Gensheng LI, Dongxing JIANG

Abstract


To improve the rate of penetration (ROP) further, based on analysis of the jet modulating mechanism, a new drilling tool is designed which couples the advantages of both pulsed jet and cavitating jet. When drilling fluid flows through the tool in drilling process, the fluid is modulated to pulsed and cavitating jet by impellers and in self-resonant chamber. Thus, pulsed cavitating jet is formed at the outlet of the bit nozzle. Because of jet pulsation, cavitating erosion and local negative pressure effect, bottom cuttings cleaning efficiency is enhanced and the ROP is improved. The hydraulic pulsed cavitating jet generator has been applied in 8 oil fields and more than 100 wells in China. The results indicated that the maximum density of test drilling fluid was 1.70 g/cm3, the maximum test well depth was 6,162 m. The generator could work over 230 h, and the maximum operation time was above 520 h. As the result, the average ROP had been increased by 10.1% to 104.4%. The generator has the characteristics of simple structure and long operation time, and has a well adaptability to the existing drilling equipments, technological parameters, which provides a safe and efficient new drilling technology for deep well.


Keywords


Hydraulic pulsation; Cavitating jet; Penetration rate; Generator; Mechanism; Experiment; BHA

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/pdf

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