Permeability Model for Nigerian Oil Sand as Candidate CO2 Storage Reservoir

Adebayo Thomas, Ako Churchill, Hymore Fredrick

Abstract


This research examines the challenges associated with storing captured CO2 in the Niger-Delta reservoirs by examining the effect of the stored gas on the reservoir rock sample.  Mitigation against increasing CO2 in the atmosphere is uppermost in environmental research due to its negative effects and therefore there is need to explore all possible reservoirs, apart from abandoned crude oil reservoirs, for CO2 storage. In this research, a model was developed to study permeability variation during CO2 injection to oil sand as a candidate CO2 storage reservoir. Four existing permeability models of Tixier, Timur, Coates-Dumanoir and Aigbedion were employed together with a proposed model. The proposed model was a combination of irreducible water saturation equation from Timur model and the Coates-Dumanoir permeability equation. The proposed model took cognizance of changing porosity phases, since the injected CO2 is reactive and affects the properties of the reservoir rock. The model equation obtained is the model gave permeability value ranging from 16.94 to 2.74 mD for Imeri oil sand. In comparison, the Timur model gave permeability values from 1.45 to 0.002 mD; Tixier value ranges from 42.85 to 0.01 mD; Coates-Dumanoir value of 287.72 to 7.49 mD while value given by Aigbedion rangs from 9.01 to 2.6 mD. In the course of the research it was discovered that Imeri oil sand formation, though has very high porosity which could be a pointer to early stage leakage, is highly reactive with the injected CO2. This reactivity is a good condition for permanent storage of the injected gas and is therefore recommended, with reservation, as a potential CO2 storage reservoir.  The proposed model will also give the expected CO2 gas mobility with increasing period of injection.

Key words: CO2 storage; Oil sand; Porosity variation; Permeability; Permeability model


Keywords


CO<sub>2</sub> storage; Oil sand; Porosity variation; Permeability; Permeability model

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References


[1] Christin, L., & Tillman, A.-M. (2012). A comparative life cycle assessment study of polyethylene based on sugarcane and crude oil. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 16(3), 420-435.

[2] Adebayo, T. (2013). Implications of future carbon dioxide storage in Niger-delta reservoir rocks and fluids (Unpublished thesis). Covenant University, Nigeria.

[3] Ehlig-Economides, C., & Economides, M. J. (2010). Sequestering carbon dioxide in a closed underground volume. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, (70), 123-130.

[4] Aigbedion, I. (2007). A case study of permeability modeling and reservoir performance in the absence of core data in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7, 772-776.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/5774

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