Development of the New Type Conical Teeth of PDC Drill Bit



The work elements of PDC drill bits are cylindrical polycrystalline diamond composite sheet and the cutting teeth of such shape can only cut the rock with the caster angle rake. In the process of drilling hard rocks, due to the large shear resistance and discontinuous cutting and rock breaking process, the rotation torque and torque ripple of drill bits are relatively large, resulting in low rock breaking efficiency and serious impact damage of composite sheet (Wilmot, 1998). In order to improve the ability of PDC drill bits to drill hard rock, a kind of cone PDC tooth is designed, which can plough and cut rocks with top rake, with low rock breaking resistance. It can reduce the rotation torque and torque ripple of drill bits, and improve the rock breaking efficiency and impact resistance of PDC drill bits.


PDC drill bit; Conical teeth; Plowing and cutting type; Rock breaking efficiency

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